Saltar al contenido principal
LibreTexts Español

14: Apéndice

  • Page ID
    121551
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    ( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\)

    \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\)

    \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\)

    \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\)

    \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorA}[1]{\vec{#1}}      % arrow\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorAt}[1]{\vec{\text{#1}}}      % arrow\)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorB}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorC}[1]{\textbf{#1}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorD}[1]{\overrightarrow{#1}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectorDt}[1]{\overrightarrow{\text{#1}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vectE}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash{\mathbf {#1}}}} \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \)

    \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)

    \(\newcommand{\avec}{\mathbf a}\) \(\newcommand{\bvec}{\mathbf b}\) \(\newcommand{\cvec}{\mathbf c}\) \(\newcommand{\dvec}{\mathbf d}\) \(\newcommand{\dtil}{\widetilde{\mathbf d}}\) \(\newcommand{\evec}{\mathbf e}\) \(\newcommand{\fvec}{\mathbf f}\) \(\newcommand{\nvec}{\mathbf n}\) \(\newcommand{\pvec}{\mathbf p}\) \(\newcommand{\qvec}{\mathbf q}\) \(\newcommand{\svec}{\mathbf s}\) \(\newcommand{\tvec}{\mathbf t}\) \(\newcommand{\uvec}{\mathbf u}\) \(\newcommand{\vvec}{\mathbf v}\) \(\newcommand{\wvec}{\mathbf w}\) \(\newcommand{\xvec}{\mathbf x}\) \(\newcommand{\yvec}{\mathbf y}\) \(\newcommand{\zvec}{\mathbf z}\) \(\newcommand{\rvec}{\mathbf r}\) \(\newcommand{\mvec}{\mathbf m}\) \(\newcommand{\zerovec}{\mathbf 0}\) \(\newcommand{\onevec}{\mathbf 1}\) \(\newcommand{\real}{\mathbb R}\) \(\newcommand{\twovec}[2]{\left[\begin{array}{r}#1 \\ #2 \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\ctwovec}[2]{\left[\begin{array}{c}#1 \\ #2 \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\threevec}[3]{\left[\begin{array}{r}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\cthreevec}[3]{\left[\begin{array}{c}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\fourvec}[4]{\left[\begin{array}{r}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \\ #4 \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\cfourvec}[4]{\left[\begin{array}{c}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \\ #4 \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\fivevec}[5]{\left[\begin{array}{r}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \\ #4 \\ #5 \\ \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\cfivevec}[5]{\left[\begin{array}{c}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \\ #4 \\ #5 \\ \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\mattwo}[4]{\left[\begin{array}{rr}#1 \amp #2 \\ #3 \amp #4 \\ \end{array}\right]}\) \(\newcommand{\laspan}[1]{\text{Span}\{#1\}}\) \(\newcommand{\bcal}{\cal B}\) \(\newcommand{\ccal}{\cal C}\) \(\newcommand{\scal}{\cal S}\) \(\newcommand{\wcal}{\cal W}\) \(\newcommand{\ecal}{\cal E}\) \(\newcommand{\coords}[2]{\left\{#1\right\}_{#2}}\) \(\newcommand{\gray}[1]{\color{gray}{#1}}\) \(\newcommand{\lgray}[1]{\color{lightgray}{#1}}\) \(\newcommand{\rank}{\operatorname{rank}}\) \(\newcommand{\row}{\text{Row}}\) \(\newcommand{\col}{\text{Col}}\) \(\renewcommand{\row}{\text{Row}}\) \(\newcommand{\nul}{\text{Nul}}\) \(\newcommand{\var}{\text{Var}}\) \(\newcommand{\corr}{\text{corr}}\) \(\newcommand{\len}[1]{\left|#1\right|}\) \(\newcommand{\bbar}{\overline{\bvec}}\) \(\newcommand{\bhat}{\widehat{\bvec}}\) \(\newcommand{\bperp}{\bvec^\perp}\) \(\newcommand{\xhat}{\widehat{\xvec}}\) \(\newcommand{\vhat}{\widehat{\vvec}}\) \(\newcommand{\uhat}{\widehat{\uvec}}\) \(\newcommand{\what}{\widehat{\wvec}}\) \(\newcommand{\Sighat}{\widehat{\Sigma}}\) \(\newcommand{\lt}{<}\) \(\newcommand{\gt}{>}\) \(\newcommand{\amp}{&}\) \(\definecolor{fillinmathshade}{gray}{0.9}\)

    Gráficas de las Funciones Parentales

    CNX_Precalc_Figure_APP_001.jpg
    Figure_APP_002.jpg "style="ancho: 975px; alto: 430px;” width="975px” height="430px” src=”/@api /deki/files/7714/CNX_Precalc_Figure_APP_002.jpg "/>

    Gráficas de las Funciones Trigonométricas

    CNX_Precalc_Figure_APP_004n.jpg
    Figure_APP_005.jpg "style="ancho: 975px; alto: 513px;” width="975px” height="513px” src=”/@api /deki/files/7717/CNX_Precalc_Figure_APP_005.jpg "/>
    CNX_Precalc_Figure_APP_006n.jpg
    Figure_APP_007n.jpg "style="ancho: 975px; alto: 444px;” width="975px” height="444px” src=”/@api /deki/files/7719/CNX_Precalc_Figure_APP_007n.jpg "/>

    Identidades trigonométricas

    Identidades pitagóricas \(\begin{align} \cos ^2 t+ \sin ^2 t &=1 \\ 1+ \tan ^2 t &= \sec ^2 t \\ 1+ \cot ^2 t &= \csc ^2 t \end{align}\)
    Identidades pares e impares \(\begin{align} \cos(−t) &= \cos t \\ \sec (−t) &= \sec t \\ \sin (−t) &=− \sin t \\ \tan (−t) &=− \tan t \\ \csc (−t) &= − \csc t \\ \cot (−t) &=− \cot t \end{align}\)
    Identidades de cofunción \(\begin{align} \cos t &= \sin (\frac{π}{2}−t) \\ \sin t &= \cos (\frac{π}{2}−t) \\ \tan t &= \cot (π2−t) \\ \cot t &= \tan (\frac{π}{2}−t) \\ \sec t &= \csc (\frac{π}{2}−t) \\ \csc t &= \sec (\frac{π}{2}−t) \end{align}\)
    Identidades Fundamentales \(\begin{align} \tan t &= \frac{\sin t}{\cos t} \\ \sec t &= \frac{1}{\cos t} \\ \csc t &= \frac{1}{\sin t} \\ \cot t &= \frac{1}{\tan t}=\frac{\cos t}{\sin t} \end{align}\)
    Identidades de suma y diferencia \(\begin{align} \cos (α+β) &= \cos α \cos β −\sin α \sin β \\ \cos (α−β) &= \cos α \cos β+\sin α \sin β \\ \sin (α+β) &= \sin α \cos β+\cos α \sin β \\ \sin (α−β) &= \sin α \cos β−\cos α \sin β \\ \tan (α+β) &= \frac{\tan α+\tan β}{1−\tan α \tan β} \\ \tan (α−β) &= \frac{\tan α− \tan β}{1+\tan α \tan β} \end{align}\)
    Fórmulas de doble ángulo \(\begin{align} \sin (2θ) &=2 \sin θ \cos θ \\ \cos (2θ) &= \cos ^2 θ−\sin ^2 θ \\ \cos (2θ) &= 1−2 \sin ^2 θ \\ \cos (2θ) &= 2 \cos ^2 θ−1 \\ \tan (2θ)= \frac{2 \tan θ}{1− \tan ^2 θ} \end{align}\)
    Fórmulas de medio ángulo \(\begin{align} \sin \frac{α}{2} &= ±\sqrt{\frac{1−\cos α}{2}} \\ \cos \frac{α}{2} &=±\sqrt{\frac{1+\cos α}{2}} \\ \tan \frac{α}{2} &=± \sqrt{\frac{1− \cos α}{1+ \cos α}} \\ \tan \frac{α}{2} &= \frac{\sin α}{1+ \cos α} \\ \tan \frac{α}{2} &=\frac{1− \cos α}{\sin α} \end{align}\)
    Fórmulas de reducción \(\begin{align} \sin^2 θ &= \frac{1− \cos (2θ)}{2} \\ \cos ^2 θ &= \frac{1+ \cos (2θ)}{2} \\ \tan ^2 θ &= \frac{1− \cos (2θ)}{1+ \cos (2θ)} \end{align}\)
    Fórmulas de producto a suma \(\begin{align} \cos α \cos β &=\frac{1}{2}[ \cos(α−β)+\cos(α+β) ] \\ \sin α \cos β &= \frac{1}{2}[ \sin (α+β)+\sin (α−β) ] \\ \sin α \sin β &= \frac{1}{2} [ \cos (α−β)− \cos (α+β) ] \\ \cos α \sin β &=\frac{1}{2}[ \sin (α+β)− \sin (α−β) ] \end{align}\)
    Fórmulas Suma a Producto \(\begin{align} \sin α+\sin β &= 2 \sin (\frac{α+β}{2}) \cos (\frac{α−β}{2}) \\ \sin α− \sin β &=2 \sin (\frac{α−β}{2}) \cos (\frac{α+β}{2}) \\ \cos α−\cos β &=−2 \sin (\frac{α+β}{2}) \sin (\frac{α−β}{2}) \\ \cos α+ \cos β &=2 \cos (\frac{α+β}{2}) \cos (\frac{α−β}{2}) \end{align}\)
    Ley de los Sines \(\begin{align} \frac{\sin α}{a} &= \frac{\sin β}{b}=\frac{ \sin γ}{c} \\ \frac{a}{\sin α} &= \frac{b}{\sin β} = \frac{c}{\sin γ}\end{align}\)
    Ley de Cosinos \(\begin{align} a^2 &=b^2+c^2−2 bc \cos α \\ b^2 &= a^2+c^2−2ac \cos β \\ c^2 &= a^2+b^2−2ab \cos γ \end{align}\)

    This page titled 14: Apéndice is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by OpenStax via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.