Saltar al contenido principal

# C: Las mediciones y el sistema métrico

$$\newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} }$$

$$\newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}}$$

$$\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}$$ $$\newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}$$

( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) $$\newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}$$

$$\newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}$$ $$\newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}$$

$$\newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}$$ $$\newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}$$

$$\newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}$$

$$\newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}$$

$$\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}$$

$$\newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}$$

$$\newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}$$

$$\newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}$$

$$\newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}$$

$$\newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}$$

$$\newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}$$

$$\newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}$$

$$\newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}$$

$$\newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}$$ $$\newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}$$

$$\newcommand{\vectorA}[1]{\vec{#1}} % arrow$$

$$\newcommand{\vectorAt}[1]{\vec{\text{#1}}} % arrow$$

$$\newcommand{\vectorB}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} }$$

$$\newcommand{\vectorC}[1]{\textbf{#1}}$$

$$\newcommand{\vectorD}[1]{\overrightarrow{#1}}$$

$$\newcommand{\vectorDt}[1]{\overrightarrow{\text{#1}}}$$

$$\newcommand{\vectE}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash{\mathbf {#1}}}}$$

$$\newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} }$$

$$\newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}}$$

$$\newcommand{\avec}{\mathbf a}$$ $$\newcommand{\bvec}{\mathbf b}$$ $$\newcommand{\cvec}{\mathbf c}$$ $$\newcommand{\dvec}{\mathbf d}$$ $$\newcommand{\dtil}{\widetilde{\mathbf d}}$$ $$\newcommand{\evec}{\mathbf e}$$ $$\newcommand{\fvec}{\mathbf f}$$ $$\newcommand{\nvec}{\mathbf n}$$ $$\newcommand{\pvec}{\mathbf p}$$ $$\newcommand{\qvec}{\mathbf q}$$ $$\newcommand{\svec}{\mathbf s}$$ $$\newcommand{\tvec}{\mathbf t}$$ $$\newcommand{\uvec}{\mathbf u}$$ $$\newcommand{\vvec}{\mathbf v}$$ $$\newcommand{\wvec}{\mathbf w}$$ $$\newcommand{\xvec}{\mathbf x}$$ $$\newcommand{\yvec}{\mathbf y}$$ $$\newcommand{\zvec}{\mathbf z}$$ $$\newcommand{\rvec}{\mathbf r}$$ $$\newcommand{\mvec}{\mathbf m}$$ $$\newcommand{\zerovec}{\mathbf 0}$$ $$\newcommand{\onevec}{\mathbf 1}$$ $$\newcommand{\real}{\mathbb R}$$ $$\newcommand{\twovec}[2]{\left[\begin{array}{r}#1 \\ #2 \end{array}\right]}$$ $$\newcommand{\ctwovec}[2]{\left[\begin{array}{c}#1 \\ #2 \end{array}\right]}$$ $$\newcommand{\threevec}[3]{\left[\begin{array}{r}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \end{array}\right]}$$ $$\newcommand{\cthreevec}[3]{\left[\begin{array}{c}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \end{array}\right]}$$ $$\newcommand{\fourvec}[4]{\left[\begin{array}{r}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \\ #4 \end{array}\right]}$$ $$\newcommand{\cfourvec}[4]{\left[\begin{array}{c}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \\ #4 \end{array}\right]}$$ $$\newcommand{\fivevec}[5]{\left[\begin{array}{r}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \\ #4 \\ #5 \\ \end{array}\right]}$$ $$\newcommand{\cfivevec}[5]{\left[\begin{array}{c}#1 \\ #2 \\ #3 \\ #4 \\ #5 \\ \end{array}\right]}$$ $$\newcommand{\mattwo}[4]{\left[\begin{array}{rr}#1 \amp #2 \\ #3 \amp #4 \\ \end{array}\right]}$$ $$\newcommand{\laspan}[1]{\text{Span}\{#1\}}$$ $$\newcommand{\bcal}{\cal B}$$ $$\newcommand{\ccal}{\cal C}$$ $$\newcommand{\scal}{\cal S}$$ $$\newcommand{\wcal}{\cal W}$$ $$\newcommand{\ecal}{\cal E}$$ $$\newcommand{\coords}[2]{\left\{#1\right\}_{#2}}$$ $$\newcommand{\gray}[1]{\color{gray}{#1}}$$ $$\newcommand{\lgray}[1]{\color{lightgray}{#1}}$$ $$\newcommand{\rank}{\operatorname{rank}}$$ $$\newcommand{\row}{\text{Row}}$$ $$\newcommand{\col}{\text{Col}}$$ $$\renewcommand{\row}{\text{Row}}$$ $$\newcommand{\nul}{\text{Nul}}$$ $$\newcommand{\var}{\text{Var}}$$ $$\newcommand{\corr}{\text{corr}}$$ $$\newcommand{\len}[1]{\left|#1\right|}$$ $$\newcommand{\bbar}{\overline{\bvec}}$$ $$\newcommand{\bhat}{\widehat{\bvec}}$$ $$\newcommand{\bperp}{\bvec^\perp}$$ $$\newcommand{\xhat}{\widehat{\xvec}}$$ $$\newcommand{\vhat}{\widehat{\vvec}}$$ $$\newcommand{\uhat}{\widehat{\uvec}}$$ $$\newcommand{\what}{\widehat{\wvec}}$$ $$\newcommand{\Sighat}{\widehat{\Sigma}}$$ $$\newcommand{\lt}{<}$$ $$\newcommand{\gt}{>}$$ $$\newcommand{\amp}{&}$$ $$\definecolor{fillinmathshade}{gray}{0.9}$$
Mesa$$\PageIndex{1}$$
\ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Medición” rowspan="6">Longitud \ (\ pageIndex {1}\) unidad">Nanómetro \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) abreviatura">Nm \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente métrico">1 nm = 10 −9 m \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente estándar aproximado” rowspan="6">
• 1 mm = 0.039 pulgada
• 1 cm = 0.394 inch
• 1 m = 39.37 pulgadas
• 1 m = 3.28 pies
• 1 m = 1.093 yardas
• 1 km = 0.621 millas
\ (\ PageIndex {1}\) unidad">Micrómetro \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) abreviatura">µM \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente métrico">1 µm = 10 −6 m
\ (\ pageIndex {1}\) unidad">Milímetro \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) abreviatura">MM \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente métrico">1 mm = 0.001 m
\ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Unidad">Centímetro \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) abreviatura">CM \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente métrico">1 cm = 0.01 m
\ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Unidad">Medidor \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Abreviatura">M \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente métrico">
• 1 m = 100 cm
• 1 m = 1000 mm
\ (\ pageIndex {1}\) Unidad">Kilómetro \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) abreviatura">KM \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente métrico">1 km = 1000 m
\ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Medición” rowspan="4">Masa \ (\ pageIndex {1}\) Unidad">Microgramo \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) abreviatura">µg \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente métrico">1 µg = 10 −6 g \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente estándar aproximado” rowspan="4">
• 1 g = 0.035 onza
• 1 kg = 2.205 libras
\ (\ pageIndex {1}\) Unidad">Miligramo \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) abreviatura">MG \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente métrico">1 mg = 10 −3 g
\ (\ pageIndex {1}\) Unidad">Gramo \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) abreviatura">G \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente métrico">1 g = 1000 mg
\ (\ pageIndex {1}\) Unidad">Kilogramo \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) abreviatura">KG \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente métrico">1 kg = 1000 g
\ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Medición” rowspan="4">Volumen \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Unidad">Microlitro \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) abreviatura">µL \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente métrico">1 µl = 10 −6 l \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente estándar aproximado” rowspan="4">
• 1 ml = 0.034 onza líquida
• 1 l = 1.057 cuartos de galón
• 1 kl = 264.172 galones
\ (\ PageIndex {1}\) unidad">Millilitro \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) abreviatura">ML \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente métrico">1 ml = 10 −3 l
\ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Unidad">Litro \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Abreviatura">L \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente métrico">1 l = 1000 ml
\ (\ pageIndex {1}\) unidad">kiloliter \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) abreviatura">KL \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente métrico">1 kl = 1000 l
\ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Medición” rowspan="3">Área \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Unidad">Centímetro cuadrado \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) abreviatura">CM 2 \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente métrico">1 cm 2 = 100 mm 2 \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente estándar aproximado” rowspan="3">
• 1 ha = 2.471 acres
\ (\ PageIndex {1}\) unidad">metro cuadrado \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Abreviatura">M 2 \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente métrico">1 m 2 = 10,000 cm 2
\ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Unidad">Hectárea \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) abreviatura">HA \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente métrico">1 ha = 10.000 m 2
\ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Medición">Temperatura \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Unidad">Celsius \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Abreviatura">°C \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente métrico">— \ (\ PageIndex {1}\) Equivalente estándar aproximado">1 °C = 5/9 × (°F − 32)