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16: Cómo se ve el currículo para niños en edad escolar

  • Page ID
    50072
  • Objetivos

    Al finalizar el capítulo podrás:

    • Conectar el propósito del cuidado en edad escolar con aspectos importantes de planificación curricular para niños en edad escolar
    • Explicar cómo se satisfacen las necesidades de los niños en edad escolar y los resultados deseados a través del currículo de desarrollo
    • Justificar la importancia de la colaboración entre educadores y niños, familias y comunidades.
    • Examinar el papel de la práctica reflexiva en la planificación curricular.
    • Definir qué es un enfoque holístico del plan de estudios.
    • Analizar el valor del juego en la atención en edad escolar y planificación curricular.
    • Identificar formas de planificar los diferentes tipos y aspectos del juego.
    • Discutir la importancia de la intencionalidad.
    • Hacer una lista de evaluaciones para planificar el entorno para niños en edad escolar.
    • Resumir el papel de la diversidad y la importancia de la competencia cultural en los programas escolares.
    • Describa cómo la planificación curricular de calidad cumple con los cinco resultados.
    • Relacionar cada paso del proceso de planificación curricular.
    • Diferenciar los diferentes roles del educador.

    Durante los años de edad escolar (jardín de infantes a octavo grado), los niños pueden ser atendidos durante los horarios fuera de la escuela en una variedad de programas para niños en edad escolar. El enfoque, la filosofía, el personal y la ubicación de esos programas variarán enormemente. Este capítulo discutirá brevemente información que puede usarse para crear un plan de estudios de alta calidad para niños en programas de edad escolar.

    Pero antes de llegar a eso, veamos cómo son los niños en edad escolar.

    Conoce a estos niños en edad escolar:

    Images of children with a passage next to each one describing them.

This is Emily. She is 5 years old and in kindergarten. She enjoys hopping, skipping, and somersaulting. She is beginning to write and loves drawing figures. She counts to 10 and can tell you what money is. She speaks clearly and enjoys telling stories. She sings and dances. She enjoys spending time with her friends. And she is learning to follow rules.

This is Antonio. He is in first grade and is 6 years old. He plays soccer and rides his bike with training wheels. He writes all his letters and numbers, but reverses a few. He is learning to tie his own shoes. He knows right from left most of the time. He has "bathroom" humor and is quite talkative. He doesn't like to lose and will cheat to win. He recently developed a fear of the dark.

Mei is 7 years old and a second grader. She prefers sitting on the floor rather than on furniture. She is becoming more skilled with a paintbrush and writes neatly. She can tell time and read a calendar. She talks with her hands about her personal experiences and loves reading. She has a group of female playmates and while outgoing, worries about not being liked. 

This is Devon. He is 9 years old and in fourth grade. He plays basketball and gets better with every practice. He enjoys putting together Lego sets. He reads each night and enjoys math. He uses his words to express himself when upset, but finds it hard to calm down. He is quite the joke teller.  He is anxious to please and thrives on positive attention. 

Dipa is 10 years old and in fifth grade.  She enjoys jumping rope. She loves writing stories and illustrating them. She is voracious reader of chapter books. She corrects people's grammar, but pouts when she is corrected. She talks nonstop. She knows when she has broken rules of not met expectations. She still sees the world from her perspective. 

This is Taylor. They identify as genderqueer. Taylor is 12 years old and in sixth grade. They are going through a clumsy stage due to a growth spurt. They enjoy hiking and bike riding. They draw detailed pictures. They stay focused and make detailed plans. They have adult-like langauge, but continues to add to their vocabulary. They have signed up to take Chinese next year in school. They spend most of their free time with friends.
    Figura 16.1: Image is in the public domain; image by marviikad is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0; image by Donna Cleveland is licensed under CC BY 2.0; image is in the public domain; image by GMR Akash is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO; image by Nicole Lilly on Pexels [1]